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1785 Unalaska Island Alaska Tracht costume Kupferstich antique print James Cook

EUR 26,99 Sofort-Kaufen Unsold, Kostenloser Versand, 1 Monat Rücknahmen

Verkäufer: antiquariat-voelkel (47.155) 99.9% Top-Rated Plus, Artikelstandort: Seubersdorf, Versand nach: Americas, Europe, Asia, AU, Artikelnummer: 352353865831 Viele weitere alte Landkarten, Graphiken und antiquarische Bücher in unserem ebay-shop!Wir kaufen auch an!Cook, James:"Interieure d'une maison de Oonalashka" - Unalaska Island Alaska Tracht costume Kupferstich antique print Paris 1785. Sprache: DeutschBestell-Nr: 148200Bemerkungen: original Kupferstich von ca. 1785 - aus dem Atlas von James Cook's dritter Reise | original copper engraving from circa 1785 out of the atlas from James Cook's third voyage - Blattmasse ca. 40 x 27 cm - im Außenrand teils leicht fleckig, sonst gut erhalten. - partly slightly stained in outer margins, otherwise in good condition. | | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Cook's Third Voyage (1776-1779) During his first and second voyage, Cook circumnavigated the globe twice. He had sailed into the Antarctic extensively and had charted the coastlines from Newfoundland to New Zealand. Cook's third voyage was organized to seek a more efficient route from England to both southern and eastern Asia without entailing rounding the Cape of Good Hope.Since the beginning of the European expansion in the later fifteenth century, the search for a Passage more Northwest or even Northeast had been on the agenda of lots of northern European mariners and merchants. Incentive for the latest exploration for this specific route was England's growing interests in India, economical as well as colonial, in the late eighteenth century. Cook, who again was in command of this Resolution, was to approach the Northwest Passage from the Pacific. The Discovery, a second ship captained by Charles Clerke, was to accompany him. After leaving England separately, they regrouped at Cape Town and went from there to Tasmania, New Zealand and also Tahiti. They then continued to sail north and made landfall at the Christmas Island and Hawaiian Islands. Cook went further northward and charted the American west coast from northern California as far as the Bering Strait. When he returned to Hawaii for the winter, he was killed in an encounter with natives on February 14, 1779. Clerke took over the command of the expedition after Cook's death, but died several months later in August. Both ships returned to England in 1780, commanded by John Gore who had taken over the Discovery after Cook's death. The voyage had lasted a total of more than four years from start to finish. James Cook James Cook was born on 7 November 1728 in the Yorkshire village Marton. His father was a poor Scottish farm labourer, who had worked his way up to supervisor. James also began as a farm labourer and grocer's assistant. Soon he found employment in a Collier on the Baltic Sea. During the Seven Year's War in 1755, he volunteered for service and enlisted as an able seaman on the Eagle. He was promoted to master's mate under Captain Joseph Hamar within a month due to his outstanding ability. About four years later he had passed his master's examinations. James Cook, commanding his own ship, performed a very crucial charting and mapping of the Saint Lawrence River making the great amphibious assult upon Quebec City in 1759 possible. He was given command of the schooner Grenville in 1763 to survey the eastern coasts of Canada over a four year periode. These excellent charts were used up until the early 20th century. In 1768 James Cook was selected to lead an expedition to observe the transit of Venus as well as to explore new lands in the Pacific Ocean. In his first Pacific voyage, he rounded Cape Horn in the Endeavour reaching Tahiti on 3 June 1769. The transit of Venus was successfully observed after recovering a necessary scientific instrument stolen by the natives. The Endeavour then spent six months charting New Zealand. Next Cook explored and claimed possession of eastern Australia. The crew suffered an appalling 43% fatality rate after returning to England, on 12 June 1771, via New Guinea, Java and the Cape of Good Hope. James Cook thus became very concerned about crew health on subsequent voyages. He instituted compulsory dietary reforms that were copied by several other ship captains. The reason of Captain Cook's second Pacific Ocean voyage was to confirm the existence of a theorized Great Southern Continent. His ship the Resolution, which was accompanied by the Adventure, departed Plymouth on 13 July 1772 and again sailed around the Cape of Good Hope. Beset by ice, he unfortunately wasn't able to reach Antarctica. Although its existence was suspected, James Cook demonstrated, by traversing large areas of the south Pacific, that it would have to be a frigid wasteland, and not an economically productive addition to the British empire. With the incredible accuracy of only 3 miles James Cook charted many of the South Pacific Islands. This incredible accuracy was made possible by a new and highly accurate clock. Both ships returned to England on 29 July 1775, via Cape Horn. The experimental diets and close attention to cleanliness had a miraculous effect: out of a crew of 118, only one man was lost to disease. The many paintings by the artists were widely displayed and published as engravings, due to high public interest. Furthermore James Cook was awarded the Copley Gold Medal and elected as a fellow of the Royal Society. The third and last great voyage is significantly important to the history of the west coast of North America. Primarily Captain Cook and his men were searching for the Northwest Passage from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean. The ships both sailed around the Cape of Good Hope to reach the west coast of America in February of 1778. They continued north along the coast in haste to the Bering Sea and Bering Strait in an attempt to pass through the Arctic Ocean during the summer season. Foiled by ice, James Cook returned to Hawaii to prepare for another attempt at the Northwest Passage in the next season. A storm damaged the foremast of the Resolution soon after they had departed and forced them to return to Kealakekua Bay for repairs. Unfortunately, they had previously overstayed their welcome and relations became tense. The theft of a ship's cutter led Captain Cook to put ashore to demand the return of the boat. A fight broke out and James Cook was killed on 14 Feb 1779 by irked natives. Although his crew made another attempt at the Northwest Passage, they were unsuccessful. The expedition did identify the possibilities of trade with the coastal American natives for otter seal furs for example, which could then be bartered for Chinese goods that were highly prized in England. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | Original! - Kein Nachdruck! - Keine Kopie! | This is an original! - No reprint! - No copy!EUR 26,99Versandkostenfrei innerhalb DeutschlandsMany more antique maps, prints and books in our ebay-shop! Plus de gravures dans notre ebay-shop!AbbildungenAufgenommen mit whBOOKSicheres Bestellen - Order-Control geprÜft!Artikel eingestellt mit dem w+h GmbH eBay-Service Daten und Bilder powered by Buchfreund (2018-05-13) Condition: original Kupferstich von ca. 1785 - aus dem Atlas von James Cook's dritter Reise | original copper engraving from circa 1785 out of the atlas from James Cook's third voyage - Blattmasse ca. 40 x 27 cm - im Außenrand teils leicht fleckig, sonst gut erhalten. - partly slightly stained in outer margins, otherwise in good condition. | | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Cook's Third Voyage (1776-1779) During his first and second voyage, Cook circumnavigated the globe twice. He had sailed into the Antarctic extensively and had charted the coastlines from Newfoundland to New Zealand. Cook's third voyage was organized to seek a more efficient route from England to both southern and eastern Asia without entailing rounding the Cape of, Genre: Reiseführer & Reiseberichte, Thema: Amerika, Verlag: Paris, Erscheinungsjahr: 1785, Autor: Cook, James

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